TRIZ already 35 years in the Czech Republic
Bohuslav Bušova*, Jan Žídekb, Milada Bartlovác
a,cBrno University of Technology, Brno 616 00, Czech Republic
bTechnical University of Ostrava, 708 33, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author. Tel.: +420 541146734; E-mail address: [email protected]
TRIZ methodology was popularized in the Czech Republic in technical journals since 1980.
Then it has been lectured at several technical universities since 1996 (Brno, Prague, Liberec, Pilsen, Ostrava, Zilina, Kosice).
Since 2000 original publications from more Russian authors have been translated into Czech, and later some of their publications from English. Into companies TRIZ enters in the form of motivational three hour lectures and subsequent short-term 2+1 day courses during last ten years.
Anyway, to follow-up the educational course of TRIZ by practical applications in intention of repeated analyze and solving a concrete innovation task go well in companies only in combination of several factors.
Despite to the many positive references of more than 2260 listeners, mostly from companies and partially from technical universities, TRIZ methodology has not yet become a common studied theme neither in universities nor in corporate development departments.
In this paper the authors summarize the experience of teaching and implementation TRIZ at technical universities and findings from teaching and applications in companies in the Czech Republic and Slovakia for the last 35 years.
© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Peer-review under responsibility of scientific committee of Triz Future Conference.
Keywords: education; teaching; training; TRIZ; retrospective; Czech Republic
Content and form – evergreen question what and how to do. It is not difficult, but time consuming to come to the opinion that both the systematic approach to the problem solving, and the stimulated and developed human creativity are constantly useful and applicable in technical education as well as in innovative practice.
There’s no doubt that engineering graduates provided with the methodology of systematical and creative thinking would adapt more easily and rapidly to the variable demands of the very dynamic reality in practice.
Sometimes, the engineers have an allergic reaction already just to the words: methodology, analysis, synthesis, etc. Of course, there are no universal short instructions how to connect the system approach and solving creativity in the engineering qualifying profile. But there is a well-elaborated and instrumental TRIZ – relatively transdisciplinary, analytic – synthetic methodology which can be studied and mastered, which supports both system approach and creativity needed for inventive solving process.
It was already Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) who had something to say to the question how to educate and simulate creative man. In his legacy to his students he declared four rules how to stimulate the brain to creative actions:
- Study science of art (to get object knowledge – to know WHAT),
- Study art of science (to adopt methods – to know HOW),
- Develop all your senses (to keep creativity – to think HOW DIFFERENTLY),
- Keep in your mind system approach (because all is connected with all – to think HOW BETTER).
Celý článek z konference ETRIA TRIZ future, 2015 lze zaslat na vyžádání.